Art Forms in Nature: Prints of Ernst Haeckel

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Art Forms in Nature: Prints of Ernst Haeckel

Art Forms in Nature: Prints of Ernst Haeckel

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Psychology he regarded as merely a branch of physiology, and psychical activity as a group of vital phenomena which depend solely on physiological actions and material changes taking place in the protoplasm of the organism in which it is manifested. Each page features a symmetrical arrangement of etchings of related species of various classes of organism. I ran into some of Haekel's work on Pinterest originally, and didn't realise it was available in print.

He was, indeed, the first German biologist to give a whole-hearted adherence to the doctrine of organic evolution and to treat it as the cardinal conception of modern biology.

Darwin himself has placed on record the conviction that Haeckel’s enthusiastic propagandism of the doctrine was the chief factor of its success in Germany. If this were so, would it not explain, at least in part, the acceptance of assemblages made from found objects and other ignoble materials? This collection of plates was well-received not only by scientists, but by artists and architects as well.

First published in 1904 under the German title Kunstformen der Natur, this unique collection of plates holds a lasting influence in both the art and science worlds. I got the Prestel edition, and it has a nice mix of full-color and black and white plates (illustrations).We don’t share your credit card details with third-party sellers, and we don’t sell your information to others. Multitude of strangely beautiful natural forms: Radiolaria, Foraminifera, Ciliata, diatoms, calcareous sponges, Siphonophora, star corals, starfishes, Protozoa, flagellates, brown seaweed, jellyfishes, sea-lilies, moss animals, sea-urchins, glass sponges, leptomedusae, horny corals, trunkfishes, true sea slugs, anthomedusae horseshoe crabs, sea-cucumbers, octopuses, bats, orchids, sea wasps, seahorse, a dragonfish, a frogfish, much more. It’s unfortunate that he was really into eugenics and scientific racism (I read some of his ideas on both and all I could think was “yikes”: his ideas fueled some of what the nazi’s used, even though they later banned his works, and his ideas about anyone who wasn’t white were appalling) so I can only appreciate his art and his scientific importance (he coined biological terms like ecology, phylum, phylogeny, and Protista).

These images were originally created to support scientific textbooks, but the detail in the microscopic form, and the sense of design employed makes this a remarkable document and visual resource which has been popular with designers for decades. The text accompaniment, appearing early in the book before the many pages of prints, is interesting. Haeckel was a 19th century biologist and illustrator who specialized in mapping and painting natural history in mathematical and symmetrical diagrams that are nothing less than stunning works of art. Featuring intricate depictions of various land and sea life, this volume serves a scientific purpose while boasting exceptional aesthetic beauty. So many pages sent me off to the web for videos, images, and articles about the bizarre natural beauties.He studied medicine and science at Würzburg, Berlin and Vienna, having for his masters such men as Johannes Müller, R. His work occupies a unique position in history, lying in the interface between zoology, Darwinism, philosophy and art. Indeed, until I was forced to sell it (a good offer was made and, after all I am a bookseller, I can't hang on to my favourite items forever and I managed a year with this one) it was hidden on my private shelf where I could look at it almost every day. Over the course of his career, over 1000 prints were produced based on Haeckel's sketches and watercolors; many of the best of these were chosen for Kunstformen der Natur, translated from sketch to print by lithographer Adolf Giltsch. The first set included Desmonema annasethe (now Cyanea annasethe), a particularly striking jellyfish that Haeckel observed and described shortly after the death of his wife Anna Sethe.

Deep-Sea Medusae (1881), Siphonophora (1888), Deep-Sea Keratosa (1889) and Radiolaria (1887), the last being accompanied by 140 plates and enumerating over four thousand new species. According to his “carbon-theory,” which has been far from achieving general acceptance, the chemico-physical properties of carbon in its complex albuminoid compounds are the sole and the mechanical cause of the specific phenomena of movement which distinguish organic from inorganic substances, and the first development of living protoplasm, as seen in the Monera, arises from such nitrogenous carbon-compounds by a process of spontaneous generation. I felt like he rendered the natural world as something both amazingly beautiful and terrifying and I loved it. The spatial arrangement of organisms enhances the feeling of design, which is evocative of Art Nouveau style or some William Morris wallpapers. Haeckel's portfolio, first published between 1899 and 1904 in separate installments, is described in the opening essays.Kunstformen der Natur was influential in early 20th-century art, architecture, and design, bridging the gap between science and art. I had heard of Ernst Haeckel back in high school, his art is exceptionally captivating - so when I saw this book at the library, I didn’t hesitate on taking it home. This collection of plates was not only well-received by scientists, but by artists and architects as well. Working in both pencil and watercolour paint, he preserved the complex forms, patterns, and structures of the organisms he discovered. Expect to see pages devoted to seaweeds, seaslugs, jellyfish, crustaceans, bats, fish and reptiles for example.



  • Fruugo ID: 258392218-563234582
  • EAN: 764486781913
  • Sold by: Fruugo

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